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Horticulture

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To meet the educational needs of a student population with interests ranging from the biology of plants to landscape design/installation to fruit and vegetable production to golf course construction and management, considerable flexibility is built into the horticulture curriculum. The diversity of interests and need for flexibility are reflected in the impressive array of horticulture courses.

The Department of Horticulture offers six options within the horticulture major:

  1. Greenhouse Plant Production
  2. Horticultural Food Crop Production and Management
  3. Landscape Design, Installation, and Management
  4. Public Horticulture
  5. Horticulture Research
  6. Turfgrass Management

Graduates possess the technical knowledge and skills to become professional horticulturists. They understand principles of life science, plant growth and development, and are familiar with cultural and management practices for a wide assortment of horticultural crops. They are able to work and communicate effectively with fellow horticultural professionals and other citizens who share an interest in horticulture. Graduates also understand the ethical and environmental dimensions of problems and issues facing horticultural professionals.

A degree in horticulture opens the door to employment opportunities with production nurseries, seed companies, interior landscaping firms, greenhouses, garden centers, conservatories, landscape design/installation firms, public gardens and arboreta, orchards and vineyards, food processing companies, vegetable farms, golf courses, sports fields, sod production companies, and lawn care businesses. Several allied plant-science industries also provide employment opportunities in the areas of sales, management, and communication. Opportunities exist for careers in research, teaching, extension, and business after obtaining advanced training in graduate school.

Minors

The Department of Horticulture offers two minors: 1) Horticulture and 2) Landscape Management.  Both minors are earned by taking HORT 221 Principles of Horticulture Science plus 12 additional credits with a maximum of 3 credits at the 200-level and a minimum of 9 credits at the 300-level or above. 

The Horticulture minor is a broad-based minor that does not focus within a specific area of horticulture.  The 12 additional credits for this minor can be selected from the full list of Horticulture courses.

The Landscape Management minor focuses on landscape management including plant selection, landscape installation and management, and turfgrass management.  The 12 additional credits for this minor can be selected from the following courses:  HORT 240 Trees, Shrubs, and Woody Vines for Landscaping, HORT 281 Landscape GraphicsHORT 330 Herbaceous Ornamental Plants, HORT 341 Woody Plant Cultivars: Shade Trees, Ornamental Trees and Woody Shrubs, HORT 342 Landscape Plant Installation, Establishment, and Maintenance, HORT 351 Turfgrass Establishment and Management or HORT 444 Landscape Construction Management.

Curriculum in Horticulture

Students majoring in horticulture will select an option in which to specialize before reaching junior standing and will fulfill the requirements described below under Options.

The Department of Horticulture offers two minors:  1) Horticulture and 2) Landscape Management. The requirements appear under Undergraduate Minors.

Total Degree Requirement: 129 credits (cr.)
Only 65 cr. from a two-year institution may apply which may include up to 16 technical cr.; 9 P-NP cr. of free electives; 2.00 minimum GPA.

Biological Sciences:  18 cr.

BIOL 211Principles of Biology I3
BIOL 211LPrinciples of Biology Laboratory I1
And complete fourteen credit hours from the following:14
Weed Identification
Soil Conservation and Land Use
Crop Structure-Function Relationships
Principles of Weed Science
Soils and Plant Growth
Soils and Plant Growth Laboratory
Principles of Biology II
Principles of Biology Laboratory II
Ecology
Principles of Genetics
and Genetics Laboratory
Genetics, Agriculture and Biotechnology
Principles of Molecular Cell Biology
Plants and People
Plant Systematics
Principles of Plant Physiology
Plant Anatomy
Plant Ecology
Introduction to Insects
Insects and Society
Insect Biology
Plant Protection Using Natural Enemies
Fundamentals of Entomology and Pest Management
Forest Insects and Diseases
Forest Insects and Diseases Laboratory
Principles of Plant Pathology
Total Credits18

 Communications Proficiency (with a grade of C or better)

6 credits of English composition (see approved courses below)
3 credits of speech fundamentals (see approved courses below)

Communication/Library:  13 cr.

ENGL 150Critical Thinking and Communication3
ENGL 250Written, Oral, Visual, and Electronic Composition3
ENGL 314Technical Communication3
or ENGL 302 Business Communication
LIB 160Information Literacy1
One of the following:3
Fundamentals of Public Speaking
Presentation and Sales Strategies for Agricultural Audiences
Professional Communication
Total Credits13

Ethics: 3 cr.

3 cr. from approved list3

Humanities and Social Sciences: 6 cr.

Approved Humanities course3
Approved Social Science course3
Total Credits6

International Perspective: 3 cr.

3 cr. from approved list3
Total Credits3

U.S. Diversity: 3 cr.

3 cr. from approved list3
Total Credits3

Life Sciences: 6 cr.

BIOL 211Principles of Biology I3
Approved Life Sciences course3
Total Credits6

Mathematical Sciences: 6 cr.

Select one course from the following:3
College Algebra
Discrete Mathematics for Business and Social Sciences
Calculus I
Calculus and Mathematical Modeling for the Life Sciences I
AND select one of the following:3
Principles of Statistics
Introduction to Statistics
Introduction to Business Statistics I
Intermediate Statistical Concepts and Methods
Statistical Methods for Research Workers
Total Credits6

Physical Sciences: 11 cr.

Complete one of the following:5
College Chemistry
and Laboratory in College Chemistry
General Chemistry I
and Laboratory in General Chemistry I
AND complete one course from the following:3-4
Organic Compounds in Plants and Soils
Structure and Reactions in Biochemical Processes
General Chemistry II
and Laboratory in College Chemistry II
Elementary Organic Chemistry
and Laboratory in Elementary Organic Chemistry
Organic Chemistry I
and Laboratory in Organic Chemistry I
Physics for the Nonscientist
General Physics
Physics for the Life Sciences
AND complete one course from the following:3-5
Structure and Reactions in Biochemical Processes
Elementary Organic Chemistry
and Laboratory in Elementary Organic Chemistry
Organic Chemistry I
and Laboratory in Organic Chemistry I
Total Credits11-14

Horticultural Sciences:  Minimum of 30 cr.

HORT 110Professional and Educational Development in Horticulture.1
HORT 221Principles of Horticulture Science3
HORT 321Horticulture Physiology3
HORT 445Horticulture Management and Administration2
Select 21 cr. hours from courses within selected option.21
Total CreditsMinimum of 30

Soil Sciences: 3 cr.

AGRON 182Introduction to Soil Science3
Total Credits3

Electives

No more than 4 cr. of Hort 490 may count toward graduation.

Options

Greenhouse Plant Production

The following courses are required to meet the Horticulture requirement:
HORT 240Trees, Shrubs, and Woody Vines for Landscaping3
HORT 322Plant Propagation3
HORT 330Herbaceous Ornamental Plants3
HORT 331Hydroponic Food Crop Production3
HORT 332Greenhouse Operation and Management4
HORT 434Fall Greenhouse Crop Production3
HORT 435Spring Greenhouse Crop Production3
Other recommended courses are:
Horticultural Management Experience
Sustainable and Environmental Horticulture Systems
Nursery Production and Garden Center Management
Required for option:
ACCT 284Financial Accounting3
And select 9 cr. hours from the following:9
Legal Environment of Business
Managerial Accounting
Business Law
Introduction to Weather and Climate
Computer Applications
Principles of Microeconomics
Principles of Macroeconomics
Farm Business Management
Small Business Management
Entrepreneurship in Agriculture
Introduction to GIS
Entrepreneurship and Innovation
Feasibility Analysis and Business Planning
Management of Organizations
Organizational Behavior
Principles of Marketing
Sales Management
Retailing
Consumer Behavior
Principles of Injury Prevention

Horticultural Food Crop Production and Management

The following courses are required to meet the Horticulture requirement:
HORT 276Understanding Grape and Wine Science3
HORT 376Fundamentals of Field Production of Horticultural Food Crops3
HORT 461Fruit Crop Production and Management3
HORT 471Vegetable Production and Management2
HORT 471LVegetable Production and Management Lab1
Other recommended courses:
Plant Propagation
Hydroponic Food Crop Production
Greenhouse Operation and Management
Seed Science and Technology
Horticultural Management Experience
Organic Agricultural Theory and Practice
Required for option:
ACCT 284Financial Accounting3
And select 9 cr. hours from the following:9
Legal Environment of Business
Managerial Accounting
Business Law
Computer Applications
Principles of Microeconomics
Principles of Macroeconomics
Farm Business Management
Small Business Management
Entrepreneurship in Agriculture
Environmental Planning
Energy and the Environment
Environmental Sociology
Environmental Law and Planning
Food Laws and Regulations
Food Quality Assurance
Food Processing I
Food Processing II
Entrepreneurship and Innovation
Feasibility Analysis and Business Planning
Management of Organizations
Organizational Behavior
Principles of Marketing
Sales Management
Retailing
Consumer Behavior
Principles of Injury Prevention
Soil and Water Conservation Management

Horticulture Research

The following courses are required for this option:
AGEDS 312Science With Practice3
HORT 322Plant Propagation3
Biological Sciences:
BIOL 430Principles of Plant Physiology3
Other recommended courses:
Trees, Shrubs, and Woody Vines for Landscaping
Herbaceous Ornamental Plants
Hydroponic Food Crop Production
Greenhouse Operation and Management
Landscape Plant Installation, Establishment, and Maintenance
Horticultural Management Experience
Mathematical Sciences Requirement:8
Calculus I
Calculus and Mathematical Modeling for the Life Sciences I
Calculus II
Calculus and Mathematical Modeling for the Life Sciences II
Physical Sciences Requirement:
Survey of Biochemistry
Biochemistry I
General Chemistry I
Laboratory in General Chemistry I
General Chemistry II
Laboratory in College Chemistry II
Organic Chemistry I
Laboratory in Organic Chemistry I
Organic Chemistry II
Laboratory in Organic Chemistry II
General Physics
and General Physics
And select 5 cr. hours from the following:
Biochemistry I
Biochemistry II
Techniques in Biochemical Research
Principles of Genetics
Genetics Laboratory
Principles of Molecular Cell Biology
Biological Evolution
Quantitative and Environmental Analysis
Quantitative and Environmental Analysis Laboratory
Instrumental Methods of Chemical Analysis
Instrumental Analysis Laboratory
Laboratory in Physical Chemistry
Laboratory in Physical Chemistry
Introductory Quantum Mechanics
Applied Computer Programming
Fundamentals of Computer Programming
Molecular Genetics
Analytical Genetics

Landscape Design, Installation and Management

The following courses are required to meet the Horticulture requirement:
HORT 240Trees, Shrubs, and Woody Vines for Landscaping3
HORT 281Landscape Graphics2
HORT 330Herbaceous Ornamental Plants3
HORT 341Woody Plant Cultivars: Shade Trees, Ornamental Trees and Woody Shrubs2
HORT 342Landscape Plant Installation, Establishment, and Maintenance3
HORT 351Turfgrass Establishment and Management3
HORT 380Principles of Garden Composition2
HORT 381Beginning Garden Composition Studio2
HORT 444Landscape Construction Management3
HORT 481Advanced Garden Composition2
Other recommended courses are:
Plant Propagation
Greenhouse Operation and Management
Horticultural Management Experience
Nursery Production and Garden Center Management
Required for option:
ACCT 284Financial Accounting3
And select 9 cr. hours from the following:9
Legal Environment of Business
Managerial Accounting
Business Law
Computer Applications
Small Business Management
Entrepreneurship in Agriculture
Entrepreneurship and Innovation
Feasibility Analysis and Business Planning
Management of Organizations
Organizational Behavior
Principles of Marketing
Personal Sales
Sales Management
Consumer Behavior
Soil and Water Conservation Management

Public Horticulture

The following courses are required to meet the Horticulture requirement:
HORT 240Trees, Shrubs, and Woody Vines for Landscaping3
HORT 282Educating Youth Through Horticulture3
HORT 322Plant Propagation3
HORT 330Herbaceous Ornamental Plants3
Other recommended courses:
Landscape Graphics
Greenhouse Operation and Management
Woody Plant Cultivars: Shade Trees, Ornamental Trees and Woody Shrubs
Landscape Plant Installation, Establishment, and Maintenance
Turfgrass Establishment and Management
Turfgrass Establishment and Management Laboratory
Fundamentals of Field Production of Horticultural Food Crops
Principles of Garden Composition
Beginning Garden Composition Studio
Horticultural Management Experience
Required for option
ACCT 284Financial Accounting3
And select 9 credit hours from the following:9
Legal Environment of Business
Managerial Accounting
Business Law
Foundations of Agricultural Education Programs
Planning Agriculture and Life Sciences Education Programs
Introduction to Interpersonal Communication
Professional Communication
Small Group Communication
Principles of Microeconomics
Small Business Management
Entrepreneurship in Agriculture
Descriptive English Grammar
Free-Lance Writing for Popular Magazines
Creative Writing: Nonfiction
Proposal and Report Writing
Rhetorical Website Design
Business and Technical Editing
Visual Aspects of Business and Technical Communication
Integrating GPS and GIS for Natural Resource Management
Introduction to GIS
Principles of Finance
Reporting and Writing for the Mass Media
Fundamentals of Photojournalism
Management of Organizations
Organizational Behavior
Personnel and Human Resource Management
Principles of Public Relations
Business and Professional Speaking
Communication in Classrooms and Workshops

Turfgrass Management

The following courses are required to meet the Horticulture requirement:
HORT 240Trees, Shrubs, and Woody Vines for Landscaping3
HORT 351Turfgrass Establishment and Management3
HORT 351LTurfgrass Establishment and Management Laboratory1
HORT 451Professional Turfgrass Management2
HORT 452Integrated Management of Diseases and Insect Pests of Turfgrasses3
HORT 453Sports Turf Management3
HORT 454Turf & Landscape Irrigation3
HORT 551Growth and Development of Perennial Grasses2
Other recommended courses:
Herbaceous Ornamental Plants
Plant Propagation
Sustainable and Environmental Horticulture Systems
Horticultural Management Experience
Required for option:
ACCT 284Financial Accounting3
And select 9 cr. hours from the following:9
Managerial Accounting
Business Law
Introduction to Weather and Climate
Environmental Soil Science
Environmental Soil and Water Chemistry
Computer Applications
Small Business Management
Entrepreneurship in Agriculture
Introduction to GIS
Introduction to Environmental Issues
Energy and the Environment
Introduction to the Hospitality Industry
Contemporary Club Management
Management of Organizations
Organizational Behavior
Principles of Injury Prevention
Soil and Water Conservation Management

Horticulture, B.S. Greenhouse Plant Production Option

Freshman
FallCreditsSpringCredits
CHEM 1634AGRON 1823
CHEM 163L1BIOL 2113
ENGL 1503BIOL 211L1
HORT 1101ENGL 2503
HORT 1212HORT 2213
LIB 1601STAT 1043
PSYCH or SOC or ECON3 
 15 16
Sophomore
FallCreditsSpringCredits
ACCT 2843Biol Science (see list)3
Biol Science (see list)3Biol Science (see list)3
Elective2Elective3
HORT 2403HORT 3324
Intl Perspectives3US Diversity3
MATH 1403 
 17 16
Junior
FallCreditsSpringCredits
Biol Science (see list)3Biol Science (see list)3
Select from the following:3-4HORT 3223
 HORT 4353
 PHYS 101 OR 111 OR 1153-5
OR
 SP CM 212 or AGEDS 3113
  
HORT 3213 
HORT 4343 
Hort Recommended (see list)3 
 15-16 15-17
Senior
FallCreditsSpringCredits
Elective3Elective3
HORT 3303ENGL 302 or 3143
HORT 3313Ethics3
HORT 3911Humanities3
HORT 4452Option Class (see list)3
Hort Recommended (see list)2Option Class (see list)3
Option Class3 
 17 18

Horticulture, B.S. - Horticulture Food Crop Production and Management Option

Freshman
FallCreditsSpringCredits
CHEM 1634AGRON 1823
CHEM 163L1BIOL 2113
ENGL 1503BIOL 211L1
HORT 1101ENGL 2503
HORT 1212HORT 2213
LIB 1601STAT 1043
PSYCH OR SOC OR ECON3 
 15 16
Sophomore
FallCreditsSpringCredits
Biol Science (see list)3Biol Science (see list)3
Biol Science (see list)3HORT 2763
Elective2HORT 3223
HORT 3763Humanities3
Intl Perspectives3PHYS 101 or 111 or 1153-5
Option Class (see list)3 
 17 15-17
Junior
FallCreditsSpringCredits
Select from the following:3-4ACCT 2843
 Biol Science (see list)3
 Elective3
OR Hort Recommended (see list)3
 HORT 4712
HORT 3213HORT 471L1
HORT 3911SP CM 212 or AGEDS 3113
Hort Recommended (see list)2 
MATH 1403 
US Diversity3 
 15-16 18
Senior
FallCreditsSpringCredits
Biol Science (see list)2-3Elective3
Elective2Ethics3
ENGL 302 or 3143HORT 4613
HORT 3911Hort Recommended (see list)3
HORT 4452Option Class3
Hort Recommended (see list)3 
Option Class (see list)3 
 16-17 15

Horticulture, B.S. - Landscape Design, Installation, and Management

Freshman
FallCreditsSpringCredits
CHEM 1634AGRON 1823
CHEM 163L1BIOL 2113
ENGL 1503BIOL 211L1
HORT 1101ENGL 2503
HORT 1212HORT 2213
LIB 1601STAT 1043
PSYCH or SOC or ECON3 
 15 16
Sophomore
FallCreditsSpringCredits
ACCT 2843Biol Science (see list)3
Biol Science (see list)3Biol Science (see list)3
HORT 2812Elective3
HORT 3303HORT 3802
HORT 4443HORT 3812
MATH 1403PHYS 101 OR 111 OR 115 OR AGRON 2593-5
 17 16-18
Junior
FallCreditsSpringCredits
Elective3Biol Science3
HORT 2403Elective3
HORT 3213Select from the following:3-4
HORT 3911 
HORT 4812 
SP CM 212 or AGEDS 3113
OR
 
  
 HORT 3412
 Intl Perspective3
 US Diversity3
 15 17-18
Senior
FallCreditsSpringCredits
HORT 3423Biol Science (see list)3
HORT 3513Elective 1
HORT 3911ENGL 302 or 3143
HORT 4452Ethics3
Humanities3Hort Recommended (see list)3
Option Class3Option Class3
Option Class3 
 18 16

Horticulture, B.S. - Public Horticulture Option

Freshman
FallCreditsSpringCredits
CHEM 1634AGRON 1823
CHEM 163L1BIOL 2113
ENGL 1503BIOL 211L1
HORT 1101ENGL 2503
HORT 1212HORT 2213
LIB 1601STAT 1043
SOC OR PSYCH OR ECON3 
 15 16
Sophomore
FallCreditsSpringCredits
ACCT 2843Biol Science (see list)3
Biol Science (see list)3Biol Science (see list)3
Elective2HORT 2823
HORT 2403HORT 3223
Intl Perspective3PHYS 101 OR 111 OR 115 OR AGRON 2593-5
MATH 1403 
 17 15-17
Junior
FallCreditsSpringCredits
Elective3Biol Science (see list)3
Elective1Select from the following:3-4
HORT 3213 
HORT 3303 
HORT 3911OR 
Option Class (see list)3 
SP CM 212 or AGEDS 3113Elective1
 Hort Recommended (see list)3
 Option Class (see list)3
 US Diversity3
 17 16-17
Senior
FallCreditsSpringCredits
Biol Science (see list)3Elective1
Elective2ENGL 302 or 3143
HORT 3911Ethics3
HORT 4452Hort Recommended (see list)3
Hort Recommended (see list)3Hort Recommended (see list)3
Hort Recommended (see list)3Humanities3
Option Class (see list)3 
 17 16

Horticulture, B.S. - Horticulture Research Option

Freshman
FallCreditsSpringCredits
CHEM 1774AGRON 1823
CHEM 177L1BIOL 2113
Elective1BIOL 211L1
ENGL 1503ENGL 2503
HORT 1101HORT 2213
HORT 1212STAT 1043
LIB 1601 
PSYCH OR SOC OR ECON3 
 16 16
Sophomore
FallCreditsSpringCredits
BIOL 2123Hort Recommended (see list)3-4
BIOL 212L1Hort Recommended (see list)3
CHEM 1783MATH 166 or 1824
CHEM 178L1PHYS 1115
Hort Recommended (see list)3US Diversity3
Hort Recommended (see list)3 
MATH 165 or 1814 
 18 18-19
Junior
FallCreditsSpringCredits
AGEDS 3123Biol Science (see list)3
Biol Science (see list)3CHEM 3313
HORT 3213CHEM 331L1
HORT 3911HORT 3223
Hort Recommended (see list)3Intl Perspectives3
PHYS 1125Option Class3-4
 18 16-17
Senior
FallCreditsSpringCredits
BBMB 301 or 4043BIOL 4303
CHEM 3323Elective1
CHEM 332L1Ethics3
ENGL 302 or 3143Hort Recommended (see list)3
HORT 3911Humanities3
HORT 4452Option Class3
SP CM 212 or AGEDS 3113 
 16 16

Horticulture, B.S. - Turfgrass Management Option

Freshman
FallCreditsSpringCredits
CHEM 1634AGRON 1823
CHEM 163L1BIOL 2113
ENGL 1503BIOL 211L1
HORT 1101ENGL 2503
HORT 1212HORT 2213
LIB 1601STAT 1043
PSYCH OR SOC OR ECON3 
 15 16
Sophomore
FallCreditsSpringCredits
ACCT 2843Biol Science (see list)3
Biol Science (see list)3HORT 4512
HORT 2403HORT 4523
HORT 3513Humanities3
HORT 351L1PHYS 101 OR 111 OR 1153-5
MATH 1403SP CM 212 or AGEDS 3113
 16 17-19
Junior
FallCreditsSpringCredits
Biol Science (see list)3Biol Science (see list)3
HORT 3213Select from the following:3-4
HORT 3911 
HORT 4533 
Intl Perspective3OR 
US Diversity3 
 Elective2
 HORT 3543
 HORT 5512
 Hort Recommended (see list)3
 16 16-17
Senior
FallCreditsSpringCredits
Biol Science (see list)3Elective1
Elective2ENGL 302 or 3143
HORT 3911Ethics3
HORT 3423Hort Recommended (see list)3
HORT 4452Option Class3
HORT 4543Option Class3
Option Class3 
 17 16

Graduate Study

The graduate major in horticulture leads to the M.S. (thesis and non-thesis option) and Ph.D.  Some faculty members of the department serve as major professors for students in interdepartmental graduate majors in plant biology; genetics and genomics; molecular, cellular, and developmental biology; ecology and evolutionary biology; sustainable agriculture; and environmental science.

Graduates possess a broad understanding of horticulture and the allied plant sciences. They are able to communicate effectively with members of the scientific community, industry groups, and other interested citizens. They are experienced in conducting research and communicating the results from that research. They are capable of addressing and solving complex problems that confront the many horticultural, agricultural, and plant science professions. They also understand the ethical, legal, social, and environmental issues associated with modern agricultural/horticultural practices.

Expand all courses

Courses

Courses primarily for undergraduates:

(1-0) Cr. 1. F.


Intended for first-year students and others new to the horticulture curriculum. Introduction to professional and educational development within horticulture. Focus is on university and career acclimation. Assessed service-learning component.

(2-0) Cr. 2. F.S.


Growing plants in and around the home including requirements for growing house plants; plant propagation; designing and maintaining flower, fruit, and vegetable gardens; lawn, tree, and shrub maintenance.

(1-0) Cr. 1. F.S.


Demonstration and activities that illustrate principles of growing plants for the home garden. Topics include floral and landscape design, plant identification, propagation, selection, and management for indoor and outdoor gardens.

(0-2) Cr. 1. S.


Introduces basic geometric design of fresh arrangements, corsages, and holiday arrangements. Includes use of tools and supplies.

Cr. arr. Repeatable. F.S.SS.


Practical courses in the field of horticulture. A maximum of 6 credits of Hort 193 may be used toward the total of 128 credits required for graduation.

Cr. arr. Repeatable. F.S.SS.


Practical courses in the field of horticulture. A maximum of 6 credits of Hort 193 may be used toward the total of 128 credits required for graduation.

Cr. arr. Repeatable. F.S.SS.


Practical courses in the field of horticulture. A maximum of 6 credits of Hort 193 may be used toward the total of 128 credits required for graduation.

Cr. arr. Repeatable. F.S.SS.


Practical courses in the field of horticulture. A maximum of 6 credits of Hort 193 may be used toward the total of 128 credits required for graduation.

Cr. arr. Repeatable. F.S.SS.


Practical courses in the field of horticulture. A maximum of 6 credits of Hort 193 may be used toward the total of 128 credits required for graduation.

Cr. arr. Repeatable. F.S.SS.


Practical courses in the field of horticulture. A maximum of 6 credits of Hort 193 may be used toward the total of 128 credits required for graduation.

Cr. arr. Repeatable. F.S.SS.


Practical courses in the field of horticulture. A maximum of 6 credits of Hort 193 may be used toward the total of 128 credits required for graduation.

Cr. arr. Repeatable. F.S.SS.


Practical courses in the field of horticulture. A maximum of 6 credits of Hort 193 may be used toward the total of 128 credits required for graduation.

(2-2) Cr. 3. F.S.

Prereq: BIOL 211 or concurrent enrollment
Biological principles of growing horticultural crops including anatomy, reproduction, light, temperature, water, nutrition, and growth and development. Laboratory exercises emphasize environmental factors and permit detailed observation of plant growth.

(3-0) Cr. 3. S.


Introduction to basic conversation and communication skills in Spanish, and cross-cultural skills for working with Spanish speakers in the Horticulture industry, emphasizing the use of vocabulary and expressions common in the workplace.

(3-0) Cr. 3. F.


Identification of trees, shrubs, and woody vines. Factors influencing the horticultural use of woody plants. Field trips outside of regular class time may be required.

(3-0) Cr. 3. Alt. S., offered even-numbered years.

Prereq: High school biology and chemistry.
A scientific introduction to viticulture (grape-growing) and enology (wine-making). Topics include grape species and varieties, viticulture practices, fruit quality, geography, history, principles of fermentation and aging, wine classification, appreciation, evaluation, storage and service, regulations, wine as food. No wine tasting.

(0-4) Cr. 2. F.


Introduction to computer and hand rendering techniques of landscape graphics. Students will gain proficiency in plan view and elevation graphics. Intensive studio and computer based instruction.

(2-3) Cr. 3. Alt. S., offered even-numbered years.


Planning, developing, and implementing science-based educational programs in a garden setting. Through hands-on experiences students will learn about horticulture, learning theory, and the application of science principles as they pertain to educating youth. Assessed service-learning component.

(Cross-listed with AGRON, ENT, FOR). (2-0) Cr. 2. S.


Core background and specialty topics in agricultural, and horticultural pesticide applicator certification. Students can select certification categories and have the opportunity to obtain pesticide applicator certification at the completion of the course. Commercial pesticide applicator certification is emphasized.

(3-0) Cr. 3. F.

Prereq: HORT 221 or BIOL 211
Principles of plant physiology relating to growth and development of horticultural plants including plant water relations, membrane transport, photosynthesis, photomorphogenesis, respiration, and phytohormones. Emphasis on plant's responses to environmental factors (temperature, water, and light) including cellular and whole-plant physiology under stressful environments.

(2-2) Cr. 3. S.

Prereq: HORT 221 or BIOL 211
Fundamental principles underlying sexual and asexual propagation of plants; practice in reproducing plants by use of seeds, cuttings, layering, grafting and budding and tissue culture.

(2-2) Cr. 3. F.

Prereq: HORT 221 or by permission of instructor
Identification, botanical characteristics, origins, propagation, uses and general culture of herbaceous annual and perennial plants for Midwestern gardens and landscapes.

(2-2) Cr. 3. F.

Prereq: HORT 221 or AGRON 114 or 3 credits in biological sciences
Principles and practices of hydroponic systems, crop production and culture, aquaponic systems, and new food crops for hydroponic systems will be discussed. Laboratories will focus on demonstration and participation in practices and procedures used in hydroponic food crop production. Assessed service-learning component.

(3-3) Cr. 4. S.

Prereq: HORT 221
Operation and management of greenhouses and other controlled environment agriculture structures. Methods of monitoring and manipulating environmental, cultural, and management factors such as light, temperature, fertility, substrate, etc., to maximize production efficiency. Emphasis placed on the production of ornamental and food crops. Greenhouse analysis project required.

(Cross-listed with AGRON). (2-3) Cr. 3. F.

Prereq: AGRON 181 (or equivalent) or HORT 221; BIOL 212
Seed production, maturation, dormancy, vigor, deterioration, and related aspects of enhancement, conditioning, storage, and quality evaluation. Aspects of the seed industry and regulation of seed marketing.

(2-0) Cr. 2. S.

Prereq: HORT 240 or L A 221 or L A 222
Cultivars of the most prevalent and economically important woody landscape plants will be taught. The importance of cultivars to the nursery and landscaping professions and suggestions for their proper usage will be discussed.

(2-3) Cr. 3. F.

Prereq: HORT 240 or L A 221 or L A 222
Principles and practices involved with establishment and maintenance of managed landscapes. Laboratory work involves site evaluation, installation techniques, postplant care, and maintenance of established landscape plants.

(Cross-listed with AGRON). (3-0) Cr. 3. F.

Prereq: HORT 221 or AGRON 181 (or equivalent) or BIOL 211
Principles and practices of turfgrass propagation, establishment, and management. Specialized practices relative to professional lawn care, golf courses, athletic fields, highway roadsides, and seed and sod production. The biology and control of turfgrass pests.

(Cross-listed with AGRON). (0-3) Cr. 1. F.

Prereq: Credit or enrollment in HORT 351
Those enrolled in the horticulture curriculum are required to take 351L in conjunction with 351 except by permission of the instructor.

(Cross-listed with AGRON). (3-0) Cr. 3. F.S.

Prereq: AGRON 182 or equivalent and BIOL 101
Effects of chemical, physical, and biological properties of soils on plant growth, with emphasis on nutritive elements, pH, organic matter maintenance, and rooting development.

(Cross-listed with AGRON). (0-3) Cr. 1. F.S.

Prereq: Agron or Hort major with credit or enrollment in AGRON 354
Laboratory exercises in soil testing that assess a soil's ability to support nutritive requirements for plant growth.

(3-0) Cr. 3. F.

Prereq: HORT 221 or Agron 114
An introduction to field production of fruit and vegetable crops and the theoretical and practical knowledge required for successfully producing them. Topics will include basic principles and practices of fruit and vegetable production, site selection, soil techniques, irrigation management, equipment and tools, integrated pest management, season extension strategies, postharvest handling and food safety, marketing, and basic business planning for fruit and vegetable enterprises. Additionally, this course will prepare students for HORT 461 and HORT 471, that are advanced level courses focusing on fruit and vegetable production.

(2-0) Cr. 2. S.


Functional and aesthetic aspects of landscape planning as a basis for design decisions; emphasis on spatial design and plant selection. Includes site analysis, development process, and design principles.

(0-4) Cr. 2. S.

Prereq: HORT 281 and HORT 240 or HORT 330, concurrent enrollment in HORT 380
Introduction to landscape design process. Intensive studio-based projects implementing principles of landscape design, concept development, and graphic communication.

Cr. 1. Repeatable. F.S.SS.

Prereq: HORT 221 or permission of instructor
A structured work experience for the student to gain insight into management operations associated with production and management of horticultural crops. A report of 10 or more pages describing the student's experience is required. One credit is given for each term the student is enrolled in the course. A maximum of two credits may be used toward the horticultural sciences course requirements, and two additional credits may be used toward the 128 credits required for graduation.

Cr. R. Repeatable. F.S.SS.

Prereq: Permission of department resource and career center coordinator
Students must register for this course before commencing each work period.

(Cross-listed with AGRON). (3-0) Cr. 3. F.

Prereq: GEN 320 or BIOL 313
Breeding methods used in the genetic improvement of self-pollinated, cross-pollinated and asexually reproducing agronomic and horticultural crops. Applications of biotechnology techniques in the development of improved cultivars.

(Dual-listed with HORT 524). (Cross-listed with ENV S). (3-0) Cr. 3. Alt. S., offered odd-numbered years.


Inquiry into ethical issues and environmental consequences of horticultural cropping systems, production practices and managed landscapes. Emphasis on systems that are resource efficient, environmentally sound, socially acceptable, and profitable.

(2-3) Cr. 3. Alt. F., offered odd-numbered years.

Prereq: HORT 332
Principles and practices of flowering and ornamental greenhouse crop production. Emphasis is placed on production of flowering potted plants, cut flowers, and foliage crops produced in greenhouses and other controlled environments. An overnight class field trip outside scheduled class time is required.

(2-3) Cr. 3. Alt. S., offered odd-numbered years.

Prereq: HORT 330 and HORT 332
Principles and practices of containerized greenhouse production of crops for gardens and outdoor use. Emphasis is placed on the production of seedling plugs and rooted cuttings, annual and perennial bedding plants, and native plants. An overnight class field trip outside scheduled class time is required.

(2-0) Cr. 2. Alt. F., offered odd-numbered years.

Prereq: HORT 221
Nursery layout, design, and cultural practices important for growing and shipping field and container-grown nursery crops. Overview of garden center design and retailing and marketing strategies. Field trip(s) outside scheduled class time may be required.

(2-3) Cr. 3. F.


Principles and practices of residential landscape construction. Encompasses project management, landscape estimating and overview of common landscape materials. Laboratory work involves field trips and project installation.

(2-0) Cr. 2. F.

Prereq: HORT 221 and junior or senior classification
In-depth presentation and discussion of skills and strategies needed to manage a horticultural enterprise. Topics include motivating employees, managing meetings, conducting performance appraisals, dealing with conflict, and managing an increasingly diverse work force.

(2-0) Cr. 2. Alt. S., offered odd-numbered years.

Prereq: HORT 351
Turfgrass science including the study of (1) specific information on soil chemistry and soil modification as they relate to the development and maintenance of turfgrass areas, (2) specialized management practices used in athletic field care, professional lawn care, and golf course industries, and (3) construction methods for golf courses and sports fields.

(Dual-listed with HORT 552). (Cross-listed with ENT, PL P). (3-0) Cr. 3. Alt. S., offered even-numbered years.

Prereq: HORT 351
Identification and biology of important diseases and insect pests of turfgrasses. Development of integrated pest management programs in various turfgrass environments.

(3-0) Cr. 3. Alt. F., offered even-numbered years.

Prereq: HORT 351
Management techniques for today's specialized athletic fields. The horticultural and budgetary aspects of football, soccer, baseball, and softball fields will be presented. Field trips and laboratory exercises will develop a practical understanding of actual principles in field development, construction, and management.

(3-0) Cr. 3. Alt. F., offered odd-numbered years.


Irrigation systems and principles for turf and landscape environments. Topics include design, installation, equipment, management, and trouble shooting of irrigation systems for golf, athletic fields, residential lawns and landscapes. Participation in practical exercises and local field trips to irrigation sites is required.

(2-2) Cr. 3. Alt. S., offered odd-numbered years.

Prereq: HORT 221
Principles and practices of small fruit, tree fruit, and nut culture and production. Morphology, physiology of growth and development, plant establishment, pest management, pruning, training, harvesting, storage, and marketing of commercial temperate fruit and nut crops. Emphasis on sustainable practices. Participation in practical exercises and local field trips is required.

(2-0) Cr. 2. Alt. S., offered even-numbered years.

Prereq: HORT 221
Principles of vegetable production with emphasis on sustainable production practices, market outlets, business aspects, and risk management. Topics will include crop classification and rotation; planting methods; crop climatic conditions, physiological growth & development; soil, water, and pest management; cover cropping; season extension strategies; harvest and postharvest management and marketing. Course involves visits to growers fields to observe/experience their production enterprise.

(0-3) Cr. 1. Alt. S., offered even-numbered years.

Prereq: Junior or Senior status and concurrent enrollment in HORT 471 is required.
Hands-on training in the area of vegetable crop production. Students will have an opportunity to grow a variety of vegetables in a heated greenhouse and also conduct greenhouse and lab experiments. The lab also involves visits to vegetable production sites in Iowa to observe/experience and learn from growers and other agricultural professionals.

(Cross-listed with FOR). (2-3) Cr. 3. F.

Prereq: Junior or senior classification, 3 credits in biology
Discussion of establishment and management of woody perennials in community-owned urban greenspaces, consideration of urban site and soil characteristics, plant physiology, plant culture, urban forest valuation, inventory methods, species selection, and urban forest maintenance (health care and pest management).

(0-4) Cr. 2. F.

Prereq: HORT 240 and HORT 330 and HORT 380 and HORT 381
Priority given to Landscape Design Installation and Management option students. Development of residential landscapes using design principles and the design process. Projects encompass site analysis, concept development, preliminary design, final design, and graphic presentation techniques. Techniques will include hand and computer rendering.

(Dual-listed with HORT 584). (Cross-listed with AGRON). (3-0) Cr. 3. Alt. S., offered odd-numbered years.

Prereq: 9 cr. in biological or physical sciences
Understanding of the historical origins and ecological theories underpinning the practices involved in organic agriculture. Interdisciplinary examination of crop and livestock production and socio-economic processes and policies in organic agriculture from researcher and producer perspectives.

Cr. arr. Repeatable.

Prereq: Junior or Senior classification in horticulture or permission of instructor
Investigation of topic holding special interest to the student. Comprehensive report required. Election of course and topic must be approved by department head. A maximum of 4 credits of Hort 490 and an additional 2 credits of 490 from outside Horticulture may be used toward the total of 129 credits required for graduation.

Cr. arr. Repeatable.

Prereq: Junior or Senior classification in horticulture or permission of instructor
Investigation of topic holding special interest to the student. Comprehensive report required. Election of course and topic must be approved by department head. A maximum of 4 credits of Hort 490 and an additional 2 credits of 490 from outside Horticulture may be used toward the total of 129 credits required for graduation.

Cr. arr. Repeatable.

Prereq: Junior or Senior classification in horticulture or permission of instructor
Investigation of topic holding special interest to the student. Comprehensive report required. Election of course and topic must be approved by department head. A maximum of 4 credits of Hort 490 and an additional 2 credits of 490 from outside Horticulture may be used toward the total of 129 credits required for graduation.

Cr. arr. Repeatable.

Prereq: Junior or Senior classification in horticulture or permission of instructor
Investigation of topic holding special interest to the student. Comprehensive report required. Election of course and topic must be approved by department head. A maximum of 4 credits of Hort 490 and an additional 2 credits of 490 from outside Horticulture may be used toward the total of 129 credits required for graduation.

Cr. arr. Repeatable.

Prereq: Junior or Senior classification in horticulture or permission of instructor
Investigation of topic holding special interest to the student. Comprehensive report required. Election of course and topic must be approved by department head. A maximum of 4 credits of Hort 490 and an additional 2 credits of 490 from outside Horticulture may be used toward the total of 129 credits required for graduation.

Cr. arr. Repeatable.

Prereq: Junior or Senior classification in horticulture or permission of instructor
Investigation of topic holding special interest to the student. Comprehensive report required. Election of course and topic must be approved by department head. A maximum of 4 credits of Hort 490 and an additional 2 credits of 490 from outside Horticulture may be used toward the total of 129 credits required for graduation.

Cr. arr. Repeatable.

Prereq: Junior or Senior classification in horticulture or permission of instructor
Investigation of topic holding special interest to the student. Comprehensive report required. Election of course and topic must be approved by department head. A maximum of 4 credits of Hort 490 and an additional 2 credits of 490 from outside Horticulture may be used toward the total of 129 credits required for graduation.

Cr. arr. Repeatable.

Prereq: Junior or Senior classification in horticulture or permission of instructor
Investigation of topic holding special interest to the student. Comprehensive report required. Election of course and topic must be approved by department head. A maximum of 4 credits of Hort 490 and an additional 2 credits of 490 from outside Horticulture may be used toward the total of 129 credits required for graduation.

Cr. arr. Repeatable.

Prereq: Junior or Senior classification in horticulture or permission of instructor
Investigation of topic holding special interest to the student. Comprehensive report required. Election of course and topic must be approved by department head. A maximum of 4 credits of Hort 490 and an additional 2 credits of 490 from outside Horticulture may be used toward the total of 129 credits required for graduation.

Cr. arr. Repeatable.

Prereq: Junior or Senior classification in horticulture or permission of instructor
Investigation of topic holding special interest to the student. Comprehensive report required. Election of course and topic must be approved by department head. A maximum of 4 credits of Hort 490 and an additional 2 credits of 490 from outside Horticulture may be used toward the total of 129 credits required for graduation.

Cr. arr. Repeatable.

Prereq: Junior or Senior classification in horticulture or permission of instructor
Investigation of topic holding special interest to the student. Comprehensive report required. Election of course and topic must be approved by department head. A maximum of 4 credits of Hort 490 and an additional 2 credits of 490 from outside Horticulture may be used toward the total of 129 credits required for graduation.

(Cross-listed with AGRON). Cr. 1-2. Repeatable, maximum of 1 times. F.S.SS.

Prereq: AGRON 338, advanced approval and participation of employer and instructor
A professional work experience and creative project for seed science secondary majors. The project requires the prior approval and participation of the employer and instructor. The student must submit a written report.

Cr. arr. Repeatable.


Off campus. Offered as demand warrants. Workshops in horticulture.

Cr. arr. Repeatable, maximum of 12 credits. F.S.SS.

Prereq: Permission of instructor
Selected projects that result in outcomes benefiting a non-Iowa State University entity while instilling professional ethics and accomplishing student learning goals. Course expenses paid by student. A maximum of 4 credits of 494 may be used toward the Horticulture credits required for graduation. Assessed service-learning component.

Cr. arr. Repeatable, maximum of 12 credits. F.S.SS.

Prereq: Permission of instructor
Selected projects that result in outcomes benefiting a non-Iowa State University entity while instilling professional ethics and accomplishing student learning goals. Course expenses paid by student. A maximum of 4 credits of 494 may be used toward the Horticulture credits required for graduation. Assessed service-learning component.

Cr. arr. Repeatable, maximum of 12 credits. F.S.SS.

Prereq: Permission of instructor
Selected projects that result in outcomes benefiting a non-Iowa State University entity while instilling professional ethics and accomplishing student learning goals. Course expenses paid by student. A maximum of 4 credits of 494 may be used toward the Horticulture credits required for graduation. Assessed service-learning component.

Cr. R. Repeatable. F.S.SS.

Prereq: Permission of instructor
Limited enrollment. Students enrolled in this course also intend to register for HORT 496 the following term. Topics include preparation for safe international travel, the horticultural/agricultural industries, climate, crops, economics, geography, history, marketing, soils, culture, traditions, and horticultural/agricultural development of the country to be visited. Students enroll in this course the term immediately before travel to the foreign country.

Cr. 1-4. Repeatable. F.S.SS.

Prereq: Permission of instructor
Limited enrollment. Study and tour of production methods in major horticultural regions of the world. Influence of climate, economics, geography, soils, landscapes, markets, cultures, and history of horticultural crops. Location and duration of tours will vary. Tour expenses paid by students.
Meets International Perspectives Requirement.

Courses primarily for graduate students, open to qualified undergraduates:

(Cross-listed with AGRON). Cr. 3. F.


Introduction to genetics of reproductive systems, recombination, segregation and linkage analysis, inbreeding, quantitative inheritance, fertility regulation, and polyploidy to prepare students for subsequent courses in crop improvement. Enrollment is restricted to off-campus MS in Plant Breeding students.

(Cross-listed with ENT, PL P). (3-0) Cr. 3. Alt. S., offered odd-numbered years.

Prereq: PL P 408 or PL P 416 or ENT 370 or ENT 376 or HORT 221
Applications of Integrated Crop Management principles (including plant pathology, entomology, and horticulture) to tropical cropping systems. Familiarization with a variety of tropical agroecosystems and Costa Rican culture is followed by 10-day tour of Costa Rican agriculture during spring break, then writeup of individual projects.
Meets International Perspectives Requirement.

(Dual-listed with HORT 424). (3-0) Cr. 3. Alt. S., offered odd-numbered years.


Inquiry into ethical issues and environmental consequences of horticultural cropping systems, production practices and managed landscapes. Emphasis on systems that are resource efficient, environmentally sound, socially acceptable, and profitable.

(1-3) Cr. 2. F.


Instruction in scientific methods and communication skills.

(Cross-listed with AGRON). (2-0) Cr. 2. Alt. F., offered even-numbered years.

Prereq: AGRON 316; CHEM 231 or CHEM 331
Physiological aspects of seed development, maturation, longevity, dormancy, and germination of agronomic and horticultural crops and their interactions with field and storage environments. Emphasis on current literature and advanced methodology.

(Cross-listed with B M S, EEOB, FS HN, GDCB, NREM, NUTRS, V MPM, VDPAM). Cr. 1. Repeatable. F.S.SS.


Sessions in basic molecular biology techniques and related procedures. Offered on a satisfactory-fail basis only.

(Cross-listed with B M S, BBMB, EEOB, FS HN, GDCB, NREM, NUTRS, V MPM, VDPAM). Cr. 1. Repeatable. F.S.


Includes genetic engineering procedures, sequencing, PCR, and genotyping. Offered on a satisfactory-fail basis only.

(Cross-listed with B M S, BBMB, EEOB, FS HN, GDCB, NREM, NUTRS, VDPAM). Cr. 1. Repeatable. S.SS.

Prereq: Graduate classification
Techniques. Includes: fermentation, protein isolation, protein purification, SDS-PAGE, Western blotting, NMR, confocal microscopy and laser microdissection, Immunophenotyping, and monoclonal antibody production. Sessions in basic molecular biology techniques and related procedures. Offered on a satisfactory-fail basis only.

(Cross-listed with B M S, BBMB, EEOB, FS HN, GDCB, NREM, NUTRS, V MPM, VDPAM). Cr. 1. Repeatable. F.S.


Includes: immunophenotyping, ELISA, flow cytometry, microscopic techniques, image analysis, confocal, multiphoton and laser capture microdissection. Offered on a satisfactory-fail basis only.

(Cross-listed with B M S, BBMB, EEOB, FS HN, GDCB, NREM, NUTRS, V MPM, VDPAM). Cr. 1. Repeatable. S.


Includes: Agrobacterium and particle gun-mediated transformation of tobacco, Arabidopsis, and maize, and analysis of tranformants. Offered on a satisfactory-fail basis only.

(Cross-listed with B M S, BBMB, EEOB, FS HN, GDCB, NREM, NUTRS, V MPM, VDPAM). Cr. 1. Repeatable. F.


Includes: two-dimensional electrophoresis, laser scanning, mass spectrometry, and database searching. Offered on a satisfactory-fail basis only.

(Cross-listed with B M S, BBMB, EEOB, FS HN, GDCB, NREM, NUTRS, V MPM, VDPAM). Cr. 1. Repeatable. F.


Includes: metabolomics and the techniques involved in metabolite profiling. For non-chemistry majoring students who are seeking analytical aspects into their biological research projects. Offered on a satisfactory-fail basis only.

(Cross-listed with B M S, BBMB, EEOB, FS HN, GDCB, NREM, NUTRS, V MPM, VDPAM). Cr. 1. Repeatable. S.


Offered on a satisfactory-fail basis only.

(Cross-listed with STB). (2-0) Cr. 2. Alt. F., offered even-numbered years.

Prereq: Admission to the Seed Technology and Business Master's Degree Program or approval of the instructor
Brief introduction to plant physiology. Physiological aspects of seed development, maturation, longevity, dormancy and germination. Links between physiology and seed quality.

(Cross-listed with AGRON, SUSAG). (3-0) Cr. 3. Alt. S., offered odd-numbered years.

Prereq: SUSAG 509
Project-focused engagement in food and farming systems using tools and perspectives drawn from multiple disciplines. Includes a field component.

(Cross-listed with AGRON). (2-0) Cr. 2. Alt. S., offered even-numbered years.

Prereq: Junior or senior or graduate classification or permission of instructor
Selected topics on anatomy, morphology, and physiology relative to growth and development of perennial grasses. Emphasis on growth and development characteristics peculiar to grasses and variations of such characteristics under natural and managed conditions.

(Dual-listed with HORT 452). (Cross-listed with ENT, PL P). (3-0) Cr. 3. Alt. S., offered even-numbered years.

Prereq: HORT 351
Identification and biology of important diseases and insect pests of turfgrasses. Development of integrated pest management programs in various turfgrass environments.

(Dual-listed with HORT 484). (Cross-listed with AGRON, SUSAG). (3-0) Cr. 3. Alt. S., offered odd-numbered years.

Prereq: 9 cr. in biological or physical sciences
Understanding of the historical origins and ecological theories underpinning the practices involved in organic agriculture. Interdisciplinary examination of crop and livestock production and socio-economic processes and policies in organic agriculture from researcher and producer perspectives.

Cr. arr. Repeatable.

Prereq: a major or minor in horticulture

Cr. arr. Repeatable.


Workshops in horticulture, with emphasis on off-campus instruction.

Cr. arr. Repeatable.


Workshops in horticulture, with emphasis on off-campus instruction.

Cr. arr. Repeatable.


Workshops in horticulture, with emphasis on off-campus instruction.

Cr. arr. Repeatable.


Workshops in horticulture, with emphasis on off-campus instruction.

Cr. arr. Repeatable.


Workshops in horticulture, with emphasis on off-campus instruction.

Cr. arr. Repeatable.


Workshops in horticulture, with emphasis on off-campus instruction.

Cr. arr. Repeatable.


Workshops in horticulture, with emphasis on off-campus instruction.

Cr. arr. Repeatable.


Workshops in horticulture, with emphasis on off-campus instruction.

Cr. arr. Repeatable.


Courses for graduate students:

Cr. 1. Repeatable. F.S.


Offered on a satisfactory-fail basis only.

Cr. arr. Repeatable.


(Cross-listed with AGRON, BBMB, FOR, GDCB, PLBIO). Cr. 1. Repeatable.


Research seminars by faculty and graduate students. Offered on a satisfactory-fail basis only.

(1-0) Cr. 1. S.

Prereq: Graduate student classification
Discussions are intended to foster the development of graduate students as teaching assistants and future horticulture/plant science teachers. Topics include establishing a classroom presence, improving lectures, motivating students, dealing with difficult or disruptive students, and developing a teaching philosophy. Offered on a satisfactory-fail basis only.