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Women's and Gender Studies

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Women's and Gender Studies (B.A., B.S.)

The Women’s and Gender Studies Program is a cross-disciplinary program in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences. The program offers students opportunities to analyze issues concerning women, gender, and sexuality in diverse cultural contexts and to investigate a variety of disciplines from feminist perspectives. The field of women's and gender studies creates an understanding that interrelated factors--e.g., race, ethnicity, class, age, disability, gender identity, religion, national origin, and sexual orientation--inform knowledge of women’s history, culture, and social roles.

Women’s and Gender Studies seeks to improve critical thinking and to provide students with the intellectual means to question prevailing assumptions. It encourages students to explore the contexts and ideological origins of knowledge and to examine the relationship between knowledge and power in society. By promoting social justice and inclusion, this area of study focuses on the connections between personal experience and political activity, and validates student contributions and voices.

Graduates from this program are skilled in critical thinking, research methods, and effective communication. Because they have developed a thorough understanding of gender, race, and class, graduates work effectively with employers, colleagues, and clients to analyze and solve complex social problems. Women's and Gender Studies students also acquire strong backgrounds for careers in areas such as counseling, education, human resources, international development, public policy, politics, business, and law. The program includes core and cross-listed courses in anthropology, history, economics, English, history, health and human performance, political science, psychology, religion, sociology, speech communication, and world languages and cultures. An undergraduate major requires a minimum 2.00 GPA in the 34 credits of core and cross-listed courses. Women’s and Gender Studies' majors must satisfy the following requirements:

1. 16 credits selected from Women’s and Gender Studies core courses (WGS).

A. Required core courses:

WGS 160Gender Justice1
WGS 201Introduction to Women's and Gender Studies3
WGS 301International Perspectives on Women and Gender3
WGS 401Feminist Theories3
WGS 402Feminist Research in Action3
WGS 491Internship3
or WGS 499 Senior Thesis

B. The remaining 18 credits can be chosen from one of the following Areas of Emphasis: 1) Communication and Cultural Representation, 2) Identities and Sexualities, or 3) Leadership and Social Justice.

1) Communication and Cultural Representation

WGS 210Gender and Sexuality in American Pop Culture3
WGS 308Write Like a Woman3
WGS 323Gender and Communication3
WGS 325Portrayals of Gender and Sexualities in the Media3
WGS 338Feminist Philosophy3
WGS 340Women's Literature3
WGS 345Women and Literature: Selected Topics3
ENGL 349Topics in Multicultural Literatures of the United States3
WGS 352Gay and Lesbian Literature3
WGS 370Studies in English Translation3
WGS 374Sex, Gender, and Culture in the Ancient Mediterranean World3
WGS 422Women, Men, and the English Language3
WGS 430Gender and Consumer Culture3
WGS 450Topics in Women's and Gender Studies3
WGS 460Seminar in Gender and Ethnicity3
WGS 490Independent Study1-3
WGS 494Women/Gender in Art3
WGS 545Women's Literature3


2) Identities and Sexualities

WGS 203Introduction to Lesbian Studies3
WGS 205Introduction to Queer Studies3
WGS 210Gender and Sexuality in American Pop Culture3
WGS 308Write Like a Woman3
WGS 325Portrayals of Gender and Sexualities in the Media3
WGS 327Sex and Gender in Society3
WGS 328Sociology of Masculinities and Manhood3
WGS 336Women and Religion3
WGS 344Human Reproduction3
WGS 346Psychology of Women3
ENGL 349Topics in Multicultural Literatures of the United States3
WGS 350Women of Color in the U.S3
WGS 374Sex, Gender, and Culture in the Ancient Mediterranean World3
WGS 386History of Women in America3
WGS 425Intersections of Race, Class and Gender3
WGS 430Gender and Consumer Culture3
WGS 440Gender Issues in Sports3
WGS 444Sex and Gender in Cross-cultural Perspective3
WGS 450Topics in Women's and Gender Studies3
WGS 490Independent Study1-3
WGS 494Women/Gender in Art3
WGS 525Intersections of Race, Class and Gender3
WGS 586Readings Seminar in Women's History and Feminist Theory3


3) Leadership and Social Justice

WGS 210Gender and Sexuality in American Pop Culture3
WGS 307Women in Science and Engineering3
WGS 320Ecofeminism3
WGS 321Economics of Discrimination3
WGS 333Women and Leadership3
WGS 344Human Reproduction3
WGS 350Women of Color in the U.S3
WGS 385Women in Politics3
WGS 386History of Women in America3
WGS 425Intersections of Race, Class and Gender3
WGS 435Gender, Globalization and Development3
WGS 440Gender Issues in Sports3
WGS 450Topics in Women's and Gender Studies3
WGS 488Research on Women and Leadership3
WGS 490Independent Study1-3
WGS 586Readings Seminar in Women's History and Feminist Theory3


A minor or second major is recommended. The typical degree awarded is a Bachelor of Arts; students wishing to earn a Bachelor of Science may do so by taking an appropriate minor or second major.

Communication Proficiency requirement:

The Women’s and Gender Studies major requires credit for ENGL 150; ENGL 250 (or ENGL 250H) (with a grade of C or better, per the university-wide Communication Proficiency Grade Requirement); and WGS 301 or WGS 401 or WGS 402 (with a grade of C or better).

Women’s and Gender Studies, B.A., B.S. (1)

Freshman
FallCreditsSpringCredits
ENGL 1503WGS 2013
LIB 1601Math Choice3
Foreign Language/Elective13-4Foreign Language/Elective3-4
Humanities Choice3Humanities Choice3
Natural Science Choice3Social Science Choice3
Social Science Choice3 
 16-17 15-16
Sophomore
FallCreditsSpringCredits
U.S. Diversity Choice3Women's and Gender Studies Choices - 200/300 Level6
WGS 3013Int'l Perspectives Choice3
WGS 1601Humanities Choice3
Humanities Choice3Social Science Choice3
ENGL 2503 
Natural Science Choice3 
 16 15
Junior
FallCreditsSpringCredits
Women's and Gender Studies Choice - 300/400 Level3Electives - 300/400 Level9
Electives6WGS 4023
Natural Science Choice2Women's and Gender Studies Choice - 300/400 Level3
WGS 4013 
 14 15
Senior
FallCreditsSpringCredits
Women's and Gender Studies Choice - 300/400 Level6Electives5
Elective - 300/400 Level6Electives - 300/400 Level6
WGS 491 or 4991-3Women's and Gender Studies Choice - 300/400 Level3
 13-15 14

Students in all ISU majors must complete a three-credit course in U.S. diversity and a three-credit course in international perspectives. Check (http://www.registrar.iastate.edu/courses/div-ip-guide.html) for a list of approved courses. Discuss with your adviser how the two courses that you select can be applied to your graduation plan.

LAS majors require a minimum of 120 credits, including a minimum of 45 credits at the 300/400 level. You must also complete the LAS foreign language requirement.

A minor or second major for students in Women's and Gender Studies is recommended. The typical degree awarded is a Bachelor of Arts; students wishing to earn a Bachelor of Science may do so by taking an appropriate minor or second major.

Minor

Undergraduate students may minor in Women’s and Gender Studies by taking 15 semester hours of Women’s and Gender Studies classes, including the following:

WGS 201Introduction to Women's and Gender Studies3
WGS 301International Perspectives on Women and Gender3
one 400 level Women's and Gender Studies course3
6 additional credits of Women's and Gender Studies courses6

Any student can declare a major or minor in Women’s and Gender Studies or choose to co-major in another program. Students interested in a minor or major in Women’s and Gender Studies should contact the director or the undergraduate advisor in the program.

Graduate Study

The graduate minor in Women’s and Gender Studies is designed to provide students with knowledge of theories and methods within a variety of approaches in feminist scholarship. The program seeks to integrate and synthesize knowledge from many disciplines and to offer students opportunities for systematic study of gender and women’s experiences and perspectives in all knowledge fields. Students will be prepared to take a leadership role in supporting gender equity and diversity in their careers in education, social service work, business, law, public policy, governmental and non-governmental organizations, and research.

The graduate minor requires 12 credits for students enrolled in a master’s or a doctoral degree program. Students are required to take either WGS 501 Contemporary Feminist Theories or WGS 502 Advanced Seminar in Feminist Research Methods; taking both is strongly recommended. Students will also take two or three electives selected from the list of core and cross-listed Women’s and Gender Studies courses approved for graduate study. At least one member of the Women’s and Gender Studies faculty will serve on the program of study for doctoral students. A list of eligible faculty members may be obtained from the Director of the Women’s and Gender Studies Program.

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Courses

Courses primarily for undergraduates:

(2-0) Cr. 1. F.S.


Half semester course. Examines the socialization process in the United States and how our perspectives are formed. An introduction to patriarchy, sexism, and ally development are explored. Skills to enhance communication and understanding among women and men will be developed. Offered on a satisfactory-fail basis only.
Meets U.S. Diversity Requirement

(3-0) Cr. 3.


Introduction to the interdisciplinary field of Women's and Gender Studies. Contemporary status of women in the U.S. and worldwide from social, economic, historical, political, philosophical and literary perspectives. Analysis of intersection of gender, race, class, and sexuality. Subject matter includes work, health, sexuality, and violence. Foundation for the other courses in the program.
Meets U.S. Diversity Requirement

(3-0) Cr. 3. S.


Study of contemporary and historic lesbian cultures and communities from a US and international perspective. Addresses issues of race, class, gender and sexuality as they intersect with the formation of lesbian identities. Explores who identifies as lesbian and how that dis/enables political resistance and formation of community.
Meets U.S. Diversity Requirement

(3-0) Cr. 3. F.

Prereq: ENGL 150
Interdisciplinary study of issues relating to lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer identities in the U.S. Attention will be given to race and socioeconomic class.
Meets U.S. Diversity Requirement

(3-0) Cr. 3.


Introduction to research and theory examining the ways gender and sexuality are conveyed through popular culture texts. Analysis of codes and their influence on the development of identities that shape how we view the world. Discussion of intersectional topics including race and class.
Meets U.S. Diversity Requirement

(3-0) Cr. 3. F.S.

Prereq: WGS 201 or 3 credits in WGS at the 300 level or above
Study of women in a range of cultures, depending on faculty specialization. Special emphasis on women in development seen in postcolonial context.
Meets International Perspectives Requirement.

(Cross-listed with BIOL). (3-0) Cr. 3. Alt. F., offered odd-numbered years.

Prereq: 200 level course in science, engineering or women's studies; ENGL 250
The interrelationships of women and science and engineering examined from historical, sociological, philosophical, and biological perspectives. Factors contributing to under-representation; feminist critiques of science; examination of successful strategies. Does not satisfy biology major advanced credit requirements.
Meets U.S. Diversity Requirement

(Cross-listed with ENGL). (3-0) Cr. 3. F.

Prereq: ENGL 250
Writing and reading interpretive fiction written by women. Emphasis on stories that embody a female literary life, gender-specific ways of creating characters and conflicts, analytical reading and writing, workshop criticism and shared commentaries. Includes multi-modal projects.

(Cross-listed with ENV S). (3-0) Cr. 3. Alt. F., offered odd-numbered years.

Prereq: WGS 201 or 3 credits in WGS at the 300 level or above
Women's relationships with the earth, non-human nature, and other humans. The course explores the connections between society’s treatment of women and nature; origins of ecofeminism and how it relates to the science of ecology, conventional and sustainable agriculture as well as how ecofeminism relates to other branches of feminist philosophy. Evaluation and critique of modern science, technology, political systems and SOLUTIONS will be included.

(Cross-listed with ECON). (3-0) Cr. 3.

Prereq: ECON 101
Economic theories of discrimination. Analysis of the economic problems of women and minorities in such areas as earnings, occupations, and unemployment. Public policy concerning discrimination. Poverty measurement and antipoverty programs in the U.S.
Meets U.S. Diversity Requirement

(Cross-listed with SP CM). (3-0) Cr. 3.


Examination of how understanding and enactment of gender identity is shaped by communication. Verbal and nonverbal communication across various contexts including personal relationships and the media. Explores discourse of social movements aiming to transform cultural definitions of gender.
Meets U.S. Diversity Requirement

(3-0) Cr. 3.

Prereq: Sophomore classification
Survey of how the media and popular culture portray gender and sexualities and the impact on individuals and society. Images of women, men, transgender as well as heterosexual, non-heterosexual and others. Studies both historical and emerging images in the media in terms of stereotypes and positive images.
Meets U.S. Diversity Requirement

(Cross-listed with SOC). (3-0) Cr. 3. F.S.SS.

Prereq: SOC 134
How the biological fact of sex is transformed into a system of gender stratification. The demographics and social positions of women and men in the family, education, media, politics, and the economy. Theories of the social-psychological and sociological bases for behavior and attitudes of women and men. The relationship between gender, class, and race.
Meets U.S. Diversity Requirement

(Cross-listed with SOC). (3-0) Cr. 3. S.

Prereq: SOC 134 or WGS 201
Examination of socially constructed and idealized images of manhood, the nature of social hierarchies and relations constructed on the basis of imagery, ideologies, and norms of masculinity. Theories on gender (sociological, psychological, and biological). Particular attention given to theory and research on gender variations among men by race, class, ethnicity, sexual orientation, physical ability and age.
Meets U.S. Diversity Requirement

(Cross-listed with LD ST). (3-0) Cr. 3.

Prereq: Sophomore classification
Examination of historical and contemporary barriers to and opportunities for women's leadership in a variety of contexts, including professions and public service. Theories of women's leadership, gender differences in leadership styles, and perceptions and expectations about women's leadership. Multiple perspectives of women's leadership highlighted through lectures, readings, videos, guest speakers and group work.
Meets U.S. Diversity Requirement

(Cross-listed with RELIG). (3-0) Cr. 3. F.

Prereq: RELIG 205, RELIG 210 or WGS 201 recommended
Examines the status of women in various religions, feminist critiques of religious structures and belief systems, and contemporary women's spirituality movements.
Meets U.S. Diversity Requirement

(Cross-listed with PHIL). (3-0) Cr. 3. F.

Prereq: 3 credits in philosophy or women's studies recommended
A critical, theoretical examination of the oppression of women, especially as it relates to issues of race, class, and sexual orientation. How concepts such as sex and gender, self and other, nature and nurture, complicate our understanding of what it means to be a woman. Historical and contemporary feminist philosophers addressing topics such as violence, sexuality, pornography, political power, family structure and women's paid and unpaid labor.
Meets U.S. Diversity Requirement

(Cross-listed with ENGL). (3-0) Cr. 3.

Prereq: ENGL 250
Historical and thematic survey of literature by and about women. May include autobiographies, journals, letters, poetry, fiction, and drama.
Meets U.S. Diversity Requirement

(Cross-listed with BIOL). (3-0) Cr. 3. Alt. S., offered even-numbered years.

Prereq: BIOL 212
Biology of human reproduction, including reproductive systems, hormones, and endocrinology of pregnancy, presented from a clinically-oriented perspective. Reviews health-related conditions such as infertility, sexually-transmitted diseases, and complicated pregnancy.

(Cross-listed with ENGL). (3-0) Cr. 3. Repeatable, maximum of 6 credits.

Prereq: ENGL 250
Literature by women and/or dealing with the images of women, e.g., study of individual authors or related schools of authors; exploration of specific themes or genres in women's literature; analysis of recurrent images of women in literature.
Meets U.S. Diversity Requirement

(Cross-listed with PSYCH). (3-0) Cr. 3. S.

Prereq: 2 courses in psychology including PSYCH 101
Survey of theory and research related to major biological, interpersonal, and cultural issues affecting girls' and women's psychological development and behavior.
Meets U.S. Diversity Requirement

(Cross-listed with AF AM). (3-0) Cr. 3. S.

Prereq: 3 credits in WGS or AF AM
Economic, social, political and cultural roles of Women of Color in the U.S. Includes literary, philosophical, and artistic expressions. Myths and realities explored.
Meets U.S. Diversity Requirement

(Cross-listed with ENGL). (3-0) Cr. 3.

Prereq: ENGL 250
Literary portrayals of gay and lesbian lives and relationships from many different genres. Attention to changing definitions and representations of sexual orientation and gender identity over time.
Meets U.S. Diversity Requirement

(3-0) Cr. 3.


Readings, discussions, and papers in English.
Meets International Perspectives Requirement.

(Cross-listed with FRNCH). (3-0) Cr. 3. Repeatable.


Topics vary according to faculty interest. Readings, discussions, and papers in English.
Meets International Perspectives Requirement.

(Cross-listed with GER). (3-0) Cr. 3-4. Repeatable, maximum of 6 credits.

Prereq: Sophomore classification. For fourth credit, 6 credits in German at the 300 level
Topics vary according to faculty interest. Author, genre or period study, women writers, cinema, or contemporary theory. Three credits: English, open to all students. Four credits: Required for German concentration credit, supplementary readings and compositions in German.
Meets International Perspectives Requirement.

(Cross-listed with RUS). (3-0) Cr. 3. Repeatable.


Topics vary according to faculty interest. Author, genre or period study, women writers, cinema, or contemporary theory. Readings, discussions, and papers in English.
Meets International Perspectives Requirement.

(Cross-listed with SPAN). (3-0) Cr. 3. Repeatable, maximum of 6 credits.


Topics vary according to faculty interest. Author, genre or period study, women writers, cinema, or contemporary theory. Readings, discussions, and papers in English. May not be counted as a prerequisite.
Meets International Perspectives Requirement.

(Cross-listed with CL ST, HIST). (3-0) Cr. 3.

Prereq: Any one course in Cl St, W S, Latin, or Greek
Chronological and topical survey of the status of women and men, focusing on sex and gender issues in the Ancient Mediterranean world; study of constructs of the female and the feminine. Readings from ancient and modern sources. Emphasis on ancient Greece, Rome, and Egypt.
Meets International Perspectives Requirement.

(Cross-listed with HIST). (3-0) Cr. 3.

Prereq: Sophomore classification
History of women's relationship to the fields of science, technology, and medicine, as students and professionals, consumers, subjects and patients, family members, workers and citizens. Concentrates especially on 19th and 20th century United States, concluding with an examination of current issues of special interest to women in science, technology, and medicine.
Meets U.S. Diversity Requirement

(Cross-listed with POL S). (3-0) Cr. 3. F.


Entry and participation of women in politics in the United States and other countries. Contemporary issues and strategies for change through the political process.
Meets U.S. Diversity Requirement

(Cross-listed with HIST). (3-0) Cr. 3.

Prereq: Sophomore classification
A survey of social, economic, and political aspects of women's role from colonial era to present; emphasis on employment, education, concepts of sexuality, and changing nature of the home.
Meets U.S. Diversity Requirement

(3-0) Cr. 3.

Prereq: WGS 201 or 3 credits in WGS at the 300 level or above
Current theories of feminism, the feminine and sexual difference. Topics in race, class, sexuality, and ethnicity as they are addressed in diverse feminisms. May include readings in lesbian, Black, postcolonial, psychoanalytic and postmodern thought.

(3-0) Cr. 3. S.

Prereq: WGS 201 and WGS 301
Feminist research methods and scholarship. Class collaborates on a community research and action project to improve women's lives.

(Cross-listed with ENGL, LING). (3-0) Cr. 3. S.

Prereq: ENGL 219 or LING 219
The ways men and women differ in using language in varied settings and the ways in which language both creates and reflects gender divisions.
Meets U.S. Diversity Requirement

(Dual-listed with WGS 525). (3-0) Cr. 3.

Prereq: WGS 201 and one additional WGS course
Race, ethnicity, class and gender distinctions and intersections lead to inequitable distributions of power, social well-being, and resources. Explores how inequities are institutionalized and how multiple identities are experienced by women in daily life.

(3-0) Cr. 3.

Prereq: WGS/W S 201 or 3 credits in W S / WGS at the 300 level or above
Historical roots of consumer culture, political economy, technology, and how the rise of the mass-market intersects with cultural ideas of gender, race, class, and sexuality. How gender, as well as personal and group identities, is formed through all forms of consumption. Examination of gendered advertising, material goods, and lifestyles created around specific acts of consumption.

(Dual-listed with WGS 535). (3-0) Cr. 3.

Prereq: WGS 301
Cross-cultural study of historical and contemporary dimensions of gender, globalization and development. Explores the interdependence of socio-economic and political aspects of globalization using feminist postcolonial and transnational frameworks. Analyses of case studies and activism in contexts of economic livelihoods, environmental justice, and cross-border migrations.

(Cross-listed with RELIG). (3-0) Cr. 3.

Prereq: RELIG 205 recommended
Exploration of the foundational myths of Goddess spirituality, including historical and cross-cultural female images of the divine and their modern usage by American women.

(3-0) Cr. 3.

Prereq: W S 201 / WGS 201 or 3 credits in Women's Studies / Women's and Gender Studies at the 300 level or above
Social, economic, political, and cultural variables that influence and shape sports, especially for girls and women. Topics include Title IX, coaching and administrative challenges for women, media and gender, and issues related to eating disorders, homophobia, and gender identity in sport.

(Dual-listed with WGS 544). (Cross-listed with ANTHR). (3-0) Cr. 3. S.

Prereq: ANTHR 201; ANTHR 306 recommended
Cross-cultural examination of the social construction of genders out of the biological fact of sex. Emphasis on non-western societies. Topics, presented through examination of ethnographic data, will include the range of gender variation, status and roles, the institution of marriage, and symbols of gender valuation.
Meets International Perspectives Requirement.

(3-0) Cr. 3. Repeatable, maximum of 6 credits.

Prereq: WGS or W S 201 or 3 credits in WGS or W S at the 300 level or above
Advanced research and theory related to special topics and issues in women's and gender studies. Specific topics indicated in the schedule of classes. A maximum of 6 credits of W S / WGS 450 can count toward graduation.

(Cross-listed with ENGL). (3-0) Cr. 3. Repeatable, maximum of 6 credits.

Prereq: Completion of 9 credits of surveys; junior classification
Selected readings of various authors, movements, eras, or genres. Readings in criticism; required research paper.

(Cross-listed with LD ST). (3-0) Cr. 3.


Research on women and leadership in selected content areas (e.g., business, education, politics and public service, and popular culture). Following an overview of quantitative and qualitative methods and critical analyses of journal articles on women and leadership, students work individually or in groups in selected content areas to write and present papers.

Cr. 1-3. Repeatable, maximum of 6 credits.

Prereq: Any two courses in WGS
Independent study on a topic in Women's Studies.

Cr. 1-3. Repeatable, maximum of 6 credits. F.S.SS.

Prereq: Junior or Senior classification
Internship designed to provide an application of Women's and Gender Studies principles and methods in a workplace. To be arranged with an internal or external employer and conducted under the supervision of a member of the Women's Studies faculty.

(Cross-listed with ART H). (3-0) Cr. 3.


Issues of gender related to cultural environments from the Middle Ages to contemporary times in Europe and America. Feminist movement beginning in the 1970s and specifically gender issues in art that are becoming widespread in the artistic culture.
Meets U.S. Diversity Requirement

(3-0) Cr. 3. F.S.SS.

Prereq: Senior classification
Senior thesis to be independently researched and written under the supervision of a member of the Women's Studies faculty.

Courses primarily for graduate students, open to qualified undergraduates:

(3-0) Cr. 3. F.


Advanced study of current theoretical developments in Women's Studies in the U.S. and around the world. Examination of the epistemological bases of feminist scholarship.

(3-0) Cr. 3. S.


Focus on feminist interdisciplinary research methods. Analysis of contemporary issues facing feminist scholars. Students conduct original research.

(Dual-listed with WGS 425). (3-0) Cr. 3.

Prereq: WGS 201 and one additional WGS course
Race, ethnicity, class and gender distinctions and intersections lead to inequitable distributions of power, social well-being, and resources. Explores how inequities are institutionalized and how multiple identities are experienced by women in daily life.

(Dual-listed with WGS 435). (3-0) Cr. 3.

Prereq: WGS 301
Cross-cultural study of historical and contemporary dimensions of gender, globalization and development. Explores the interdependence of socio-economic and political aspects of globalization using feminist postcolonial and transnational frameworks. Analyses of case studies and activism in contexts of economic livelihoods, environmental justice, and cross-border migrations.

(Dual-listed with WGS 444). (Cross-listed with ANTHR). (3-0) Cr. 3. S.

Prereq: ANTHR 201; ANTHR 306 recommended
Cross-cultural examination of the social construction of genders out of the biological fact of sex. Emphasis on non-western societies. Topics, presented through examination of ethnographic data, will include the range of gender variation, status and roles, the institution of marriage, and symbols of gender valuation.
Meets International Perspectives Requirement.

(Cross-listed with ENGL). (3-0) Cr. 3. Repeatable, maximum of 6 credits.

Prereq: Graduate classification or 6 credits in literature at 300 level or above
Primary texts by women writers; historical, thematic, formal, or theoretical approaches; secondary readings; e.g., Nineteenth-Century Women Writers; American Women's Personal Narratives; Southern Women Writers of the U.S.

(Cross-listed with HIST). (3-0) Cr. 3.

Prereq: Permission of instructor
Feminism as a movement and feminst theory from the early modern period to the present as it relates to the writing of women's history. Analysis of intepretations of European and U.S. women's history from patriarchal and postmodernist perspectives.

Cr. arr.

Prereq: Permission of Women's and Gender Studies Program Director
Independent study on a topic in Women's Studies.

(Cross-listed with ART H). (3-0) Cr. 3.

Prereq: Graduate classification or permission of instructor
Issues of gender related to cultural environments from the Middle Ages to contemporary times in Europe and America. Feminist movement beginning in the 1970s and specifically gender issues in art that are becoming widespread in the artistic culture.

Courses for graduate students:

(Cross-listed with EL PS). (3-0) Cr. 3. S.

Prereq: EL PS 620
Critical examination of the philosophical foundations of education that seek to challenge the status quo and advance radical educational change. Exploration of macro-level (and some micro-level) issues relevant to educational change, in relation to how they inform practices of dissent and every day social relations.